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US Army

AAC has done many projects for the US Army over the past 25 years. Recently training and Business Case Analysis (BCA) have been very popular with US Army customers.

BCA - The BCA is a powerful tool for acquisition decision making from a life cycle perspective. The purpose of this study was to determine the “best value” approach in long term sustainment for the program.

A BCA is intended to be used by a project team in turning the initially posed problem statement into a supportable, validated business decision. A business case provides financial justification for an investment decision. To effectively provide this justification, it is critical that the process, scope, and biases of the business case developers are clearly understood and communicated. The DoD BCA Guide describes a standard process for identifying and analyzing alternative solutions to meet the goals identified in the problem statement. It is expected that the business case will be used throughout the life cycle of the project.


• This business case is used in the initial decision to invest in a project;
• It specifically guides the decision to select among alternative approaches;
• The business case is also used to validate any proposed scope, schedule,
or budget changes during the course of the project. The business case
should be a living document – as project or organization changes occur,
they should be reflected in updates to the business case;
• Finally, the business case should be used to validate that planned benefits
are realized at the completion of the project. This information should be
used in further decisions to sustain or enhance the solution. This information
should also be used to refine estimation of benefits and costs for future
projects in the organization.


The use of the Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) approach was part of this study for the US Army which was employed to help quantify the qualitative aspects of a particular system’s mission effectiveness. The financial and non-financial business impacts of each alternative were assessed with standard life cycle costing methods. Furthermore, the resulting effect on mission effectiveness was assessed via sensitivity and risk analyses. Some of these are specific to system under analysis while others are standard DoD approaches.

A business case is a defined deliverable that describes an investment opportunity. Its main goal is to help management decide, in a rational way, the true business value of a potential investment, and whether or not to proceed. It both justifies the investment and guides the subsequent work. In short, it drives results (not just promises them) because it is used to ensure that the project and expected benefits are delivered. A summary of such benefits are provided in the table below.

The recommendations are completed with an implementation strategy tailored to their specific acquisition needs. The complete purpose of this study is to determine a best value approach for IETM development and outline a resulting implementation strategy for their acquisition.

Systems Engineering Training – AAC provided systems engineering training for some US Army systems command engineering personnel. These courses include:

• Systems Engineering for Product Life Cycle Management
• Specialty Engineering for Product Life Cycle Management
• Maintenance Engineering for Product Life Cycle Management
• Performance-Based Logistics (PBL) for Operational Management
• Supply Chain Design and Logistics Operational Management
• Condition Based Maintenance: Overview and Applications

Assessment of Benefits



• Reduce headcount
• Reduce salary costs
• Increase span of control
• Develop process experts
• Centralize customer service
• Reduce transaction
processing times
• Eliminate non-value
added tasks
• Minimize errors/rework
• Standardize processes
• Implement self-service
• Implement best practices
• Increase reliability and quality
• Reduce complexity
• Lower future
development costs
• Reduce software purchase
prices and license fees
• Reduce on-going
support costs
• Improve brand image
• Create new revenue sources
• Shorten product development
• Enable premium pricing
• React faster to business change


• Increase future scalability, flexibility and agility
• Enable incremental change at lower cost
• Decrease facilities and management costs
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